Turkish Passive Voice (Mood) in Past

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Watch this lesson to learn the Turkish Passive Voice in the Past Tense. Be sure to download the Course PDF and follow along with all the lessons.

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Positive – Past Simple

For the second part of the Passive Voice topic, let’s learn how to make Passive Voice sentences in the Past Simple tense. Just like with other tenses, we add the passive voice suffix to the ending of the verb root followed by the past simple suffix.

Be sure to follow the below chart and Vowel Harmony when adding the Passive Voice suffix:

After consonants
“b,c,ç,d,f,g,ğ,h,j,k,
l,m,n,p,r,s,ş,t,v,y,z”
“-il/-ıl/-ul/-ül”
After vowels
“a,ı,o,u,e,i,ö,ü”
“-n”
After the consonant “l”“-in/-ın/-un/-ün”

Let’s first see how Passive Voice words are made in the Past Simple tense:

Bitirdi
Finished
Bitirildi
Was Finished
Pişirdi
Cooked
Pişirildi
Was Cooked
Anlattı
Told
Anlatıl
Was Told
Buldu
Found
Bulundu
Was Found
Oynadı
Played
Oynatıl
Was Played
Bildi
Knew
Bilindi
Was Known
Çaldı
Stole
Çalın
Was Stolen

Next, let’s see some sentence examples:

  • Cep telefonu faturamı babam ödedi.
  • My father payed my cell phone bill.
  • Cep telefonu faturam (babam tarafından) ödendi.
  • My cell phone bill was payed (by my father).
  • Paketinizi az önce kurye teslim etti.
  • The courier delivered your package just now.
  • Paketiniz (kurye tarafından) teslim edildi.
  • Your package was delivered (by the courier).
  • Polis mücevher hırsızını yakaladı.
  • The police caught the jewelry thief.
  • Mücevher hırsızı (polis tarafından) yakalandı.
  • The jewelry thief was caught (by the police).

As you can see from the example sentences, the “agent” that does in action in the second example is expressed with a postposition “tarafından” which means “by” in English. Look at the personal pronouns in passive voice below:

Benimtarafımdanby me
Senintarafındanby you
Onuntarafındanby he/she/it
Bizimtarafımızdanby us
Sizintarafınızdanby you
Onlarıntarafındanby them

Negations – Past Simple

If you want to make negative passive voice sentences for the past simple tense, you add the “medi/madı” negative past simple suffix instead of the positive one:

  • Bu kitabı kimse satın almadı.
  • No one bought this book.
  • Bu kitap satın alınmadı.
  • This book wasn’t bought.
  • Polis kazazedeleri kurtaramadı.
  • Police couldn’t save the disaster victims.
  • Kazazedeler (polis tarafından) kurtarılamadı.
  • The disaster victims couldn’t be saved (by the police).
  • ÖSS, üniversite sınavı sonuçlarını henüz açıklamadı.
  • The ÖSS hasn’t announced the university exam results yet.
  • Üniversite sınavı sonuçları henüz açıklanmadı.
  • The university exam results haven’t been announced yet.

Most of the time, Passive Voice sentences in the past simple tense can be translated into the Present Perfect tense in English. We can also include Modal Verbs like “can/could” like in the second sentence by adding the “can” suffix “-a/-e” after the Passive Voice suffix. This can also be done for other tenses too.

Questions – Past Simple

Making passive voice questions for the past simple tense is the same as other tenses. We use the question particle “-mi/-mı/-mu/-mü” after the passive voice suffix to make passive voice questions for the past simple tense:

  • Elektrik faturası ödendi mi?
  • Was the electricity bill paid?
  • Evet, babam tarafından ödendi.
  • Yes, it was paid by my father.
  • Haberlerdeki hırsız tutuklanmadı mı?
  • Wasn’t the thief on TV arrested?
  • Hayır, henüz tutuklanmadı.
  • No, he wasn’t arrested yet.
  • Uzay’da yeni bir gezegen keşfedildi mi?
  • Was a new planet discovered in space?
  • Evet, yüzlerce yeni gezegen keşfedildi.
  • Yes, hundreds of new planets were discovered.

You’ve come to the end of this lesson!

I hope you liked this free Turkish grammar lesson. This lesson belongs to the free video course named Speaking Turkish in 30 Days. Be sure to watch the other lesson too!

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