Turkish Passive Voice (Mood) in Present

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Turkish Passive Voice (Mood)

Sometimes the person or the thing that is doing the action is made clear and sometimes it’s not clear. When we don’t know who or what the action is performed by, we use the Passive Voice. In English, the Passive Voice is done with To Be + V3, in Turkish we have a suffix added to the verb root.

The suffix changes for verb roots that end in consonants, vowels, certain consonants, and of course Vowel Harmony:

After consonants
After vowels
After the consonant “l”“-in/-ın/-un/-ün”

Let’s first see how Passive Voice words are made in the Present Simple tense:

To watch
To be watched
To read
To be read
Satın almak
To buy
Satın alınmak
To be bought
To erase
To be erased
To open
To be opened
To see
To be seen
To mix
To be mixed

Don’t mistake “görülmek” meaning “to be seen” with “görünmek” meaning “to be understood” which are completely different verbs.

Now, let’s see these suffixes in example sentences:

  • Ahmet eski bisikletini satar.
  • Ahmet sells his old bicycle.
  • Eski bisiklet satılır.
  • The old bicycle is sold.
  • Kapıyı yavaşça açar.
  • She slowly opens the door.
  • Kapı yavaşça açılır.
  • The door is slowly opened.
  • Abim ikinci el cep telefonu satın alır.
  • My brother buys a second-hand cell phone.
  • İkinci el cep telefonu satın alınır.
  • Second hand cell phones are bought.
  • Çizdiği resmi siler.
  • He erases the picture he drew.
  • Çizdiği resim silinir.
  • The picture he drew is erased.

Negative – Passive Voice

In order to make passive voice for negative present simple sentences, we use the negative present tense suffix “-maz/mez” after the Passive Voice suffix and erase the Infinitive suffix:

After “-ıl/-ul/-un/-ın“-maz”
After “-il/-ül/-in /-ün“-mez”
After “-n”“-maz/-mez”

First let’s see some verb conjugation examples for negative Turkish Passive Voice:

To be watched
To be not watched
To be read
To be not read
Satın alınmak
To be bought
Satın alınmaz
To be not sold
To be erased
To be not erased
To be opened
To be not opened
To be seen
To be not seen
To be mixed
To be not mixed

Most negative passive voice phrases can be seen on prohibition or warning signs. The English translation of some sentences from Turkish may not always be in negative Passive Voice, but actually in positive Passive Voice. Sometimes it’s not even in Passive Voice but a Gerund sentence.

Here are some sentence examples:

  • Burada sigara içilmez.
  • Smoking is prohibited here.
  • Burada sigara içilmeye izin verilmez.
  • Smoking is not allowed here.
  • Ders sırasında konuşulmaz.
  • No talking during a lesson.
  • Ders sırasında konuşulması kabul edilmez.
  • Talking during a class is not accepted.
  • Türkiye’de çaya süt eklenmez.
  • Milk is not added to tea in Turkey.
  • Havuza atlanmaz.
  • Jumping into the pool is prohibited.

Questions – Passive Voice

To make question sentences in passive voice, we add the “-mi/-mı/-mu/-mü” after the passive voice suffix:

  • Burada sigara içilir mi?
  • Is smoking allowed here?
  • Hayır, içilmez.
  • No it’s not.
  • Ders sırasında konuşulmaz mı?
  • Isn’t talking during a lesson allowed?
  • Hayır, konuşulmaz.
  • No, it’s not.
  • Kantinde su satılır mı?
  • Is water sold at the canteen?
  • Evet, satılır.
  • Yes, it is.

Present Continuous in Passives

Making passive voice for the present continuous tense is similar to what we saw with the Present Simple tense. The only difference from the Present Simple tense is we add the Present Continuous suffix “-iyor” after the Passive Voice suffix.

Be sure to follow the below chart and Vowel Harmony when adding the Passive Voice suffix:

After consonants
After vowels
After the consonant “l”“-in/-ın/-un/-ün”

Let’s first see how Passive Voice words are made in the Present Continuous tense:

Being Opened
Being Told
Being Given
Being Said
Being Read
Being Erased
Being Bought

Now, let’s see some example sentences:

  • Türkçe, 200 milyon kişi tarafından konuşuluyor.
  • Turkish is being spoken/is spoken by 200 million people.
  • Karşı komşuda futbol maçı izleniyor.
  • A football match is being watched at my neighbor’s.
  • Dünyanın yuvarlak olduğu gerçeği herkes tarafından biliniyor.
  • The truth that the world is round is known by everyone around the world.

Some Turkish Passive Voice sentences in the Present Continuous tense might be translated into the Present Simple Passive Voice as Turkish also uses Present Continuous to talk about general facts.

Negations – Present Continuous

We add the “-m” in between the passive voice suffix and the present continuous suffix to make negative passive voice sentences in Present Continuous:

  • Bu içecek kimse tarafından sevilmiyor.
  • This drink is not liked by anyone.
  • Yağmurda futbol maçı yapılmıyor.
  • The football match is not done in the rain.
  • Burada Türk kahvesi bulunmuyor.
  • Turkish coffee is not found here.

Questions – Present Continuous

Just like in the Present Simple tense, we use the question particle “-mi/-mı/-mu/-mü” after the passive voice suffix to make passive voice questions for the present continuous tense:

  • Haftaya cuma için yağmur bekleniyor mu?
  • Is rain being expected for next Friday?
  • Evet, bekleniyor.
  • Yes it is expected/being expected.
  • Bu eleman için terfi düşünülmüyor mu?
  • Isn’t a promotion being thought of for this employee?
  • Hayır, düşünülmüyor.
  • No, it’s not being thought of.
  • Şuan üniversite sınavı yapılıyor mu?
  • Is the university exam being done now?
  • Evet, yapılıyor.
  • Yes, it’s being done.

You’ve come to the end of this lesson!

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