Turkish Conditionals (If Clauses) – [Real] and [Unreal]

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Watch this lesson to learn the Turkish Real Conditionals (If Clause) for Real and Unreal situations. Be sure to download the Course PDF and follow along with all the lessons.

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Turkish Conditional Tenses

In today’s lecture, we will learn about conditional sentences in Turkish. Conditional sentences are made when a certain condition is fulfilled for a specific action to take place. In English, conditional sentences usually start with a “If” word. In Turkish, we use the word “Eğer” and use certain suffixes to make a sentence conditional.

There are three types of Turkish conditionals:

  • The Real Conditional Sentences
  • The Unreal Conditional Sentences
  • The Past Unreal Conditional Sentences

There are also many different sub-types of conditional sentences we will see after we learn these three conditionals.

Turkish Real Conditionals

The real conditional sentences are made in the present simple tense which is used to talk about conditions that are real and can happen. While the conditional clause, the sentence which has the conditional verb is made in the present simple tense, the main clause, the result of the condition, is made in either the future simple or present simple tense. In order to make a real conditional verb, we add the suffix “-sa/-se” after the Present Tense suffix.

After the Present Tense Suffix
“-ar/-ır/-ur/-r”
-sa
After the Present Tense Suffix
“-er/-ir/-ür/-r”
-se

First, let’s look at how some verbs are made into the Real Conditional:

(Eğer)BenyaparsamIf I do
(Eğer)SengelirsenIf you come
(Eğer)ObulursaIf he/she/it finds
(Eğer)BizyersekIf we eat
(Eğer)SizüzülürsenizIf you become sad
(Eğer)OnlargezerlerseIf they travel

Now, let’s see some sentence examples:

  • (Eğer) bir sorunuz varsa lütfen elinizi kaldırınız.
  • If you have a question, please raise your hand.
  • (Eğer) Galatasaray bu maçı kazanırsa Türkiye şampiyonu olacak.
  • If Galatasaray wins this match, it will be the Turkish champion.
  • (Eğer) sağa bakarsanız Anıtkabir’i göreceksiniz.
  • If you look right, you’ll see Anıtkabir.

Negative Real Conditionals

To make negative real conditionals, you add the negative present simple suffix “-mez/-maz” after the verb root in addition to the if suffix “-se/-sa” that follows it.

Be sure to follow the Vowel Harmony when selecting the proper “-mez/-maz” suffix:

For Verb Roots Ending in “a,ı,o,u”-maz
For Verb Roots Ending in “e,i,ö,ü”-mez

First, let’s look at how some verbs are made into the Negative Real Conditional:

(Eğer)BenyapmazsamIf I don’t do
(Eğer)SengelmezsenIf you don’t come
(Eğer)ObulmazsaIf he/she/it doesn’t find
(Eğer)BizyemezsekIf we don’t eat
(Eğer)SizüzülmezsenizIf you don’t become sad
(Eğer)OnlargezmezlerseIf they don’t travel

Now, let’s see some sentence examples:

  • (Eğer) dersini çalışmazsan sınavdan başarısız olursun.
  • If you don’t study your lessons, you’ll be unsuccessful in the exam.
  • (Eğer) dikkatli olmazsan düşebilirsin.
  • If you’re not careful, you may fall.
  • (Eğer) odanı temizlemezsen, kim temizleyecek?
  • If you don’t clean your room, who’s gonna clean it?

As you can see from the second and the third examples, you can implement modal verbs and questions in the main clause of a conditional sentence.

Turkish Unreal Conditionals

Unlike real conditional sentences where the condition is real and not imaginary, unreal conditionals are about imaginary conditions. If an imagined condition is achieved, another imaginary action will happen. When conjugating a verb into the unreal conditional, we add the conditional suffix “-se/-sa” right after the verb root and finally end it with the personal suffix. We don’t have a tense suffix for unreal conditionals while the main clause is the present simple with the past simple personal suffix.

Be sure to check out the last vowel in the verb root to select the correct conditional suffix:

For Verb Roots that have
the last vowel as “a,ı,o,u”
-sa
For Verb Roots that have
the last vowel as “e,i,ö,ü”
-se

First, let’s look at how some verbs are made into the Turkish Unreal Conditional:

(Eğer)BenyapsamIf I did
(Eğer)SengelsenIf you came
(Eğer)ObulsaIf he/she/it found
(Eğer)BizyesekIf we ate
(Eğer)SizüzülsenizIf you became sad
(Eğer)Onlargezseler*If they traveled

Now, let’s see some sentence examples:

  • (Eğer) zengin olsam dünyayı gezerdim.
  • If I were rich, I would travel the world.
  • (Eğer) arkadaşım gelse birlikte havuza giderdik
  • If my friend came, we would go to the pool together.
  • (Eğer) spor yapsan sağlığın için iyi olur(du).
  • If you did sports, it would be good for your health.

In the last example, we can erase the past simple personal suffix in the main clause verb to talk about future imaginary situations.

Negative Unreal Conditionals

To make negative unreal conditionals we add the “-me/-ma” before the conditional suffix.

(Eğer)BenyapmasamIf I didn’t do
(Eğer)SengelmesenIf you didn’t come
(Eğer)ObulmasaIf he/she/it didn’t found
(Eğer)BizyemesekIf we didn’t eat
(Eğer)SizüzülmesenizIf you didn’t become sad
(Eğer)Onlargezmeseler*If they didn’t travel

Now, let’s see some sentence examples:

  • (Eğer) yağmur yağmasa piknik yapardık.
  • If it didn’t rain, we would go on a picnic.
  • (Eğer) bir çıkarım olmasa bunu yapmazdım.
  • If I didn’t have an ulterior motive, I wouldn’t do this.
  • (Eğer) pizzayı yemesek bozulurdu.
  • If we didn’t eat the pizza, it would rot.

You’ve come to the end of this lesson!

I hope you liked this free Turkish grammar lesson. This lesson belongs to the free video course named Speaking Turkish in 30 Days. Be sure to watch the other lesson too!

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