Turkish Causative Verbs (Mood)
Only 5 days left until we finish this Turkish learning series, I hope you’re liking it so far!
Turkish Causative Mood
In today’s lecture we will learn Causative Verbs in Turkish. If you remember, the active form of a verb is when “somebody is doing someone” and the passive form which we’ll learn tomorrow, is “something is done by someone”. The causative form is “to get something done by somebody or something”. When speaking English, we generally use the phrases “to get something done (by …)” or “to have done by …”, in Turkish we use the Causative suffixes.
There are different causative suffixes that you need to add depending on the verb root.
Let’s first see the full list of causative suffixes:
|The most used causative suffix. |
Used by regular verbs.
|-t||Used with polysyllabic verb roots |
ending in a vowel or -r
|-it/-ıt/-üt/-ut||Used with monosyllabic |
verb roots ending in -k
|-ır/-ir/-ur/-ür||Used with monosyllabic verb roots|
|-er/-ar||Used with only some verbs.|
The “-dır” suffix
The first and the most commonly used causative suffix is the “-dır” causative suffix. We add this suffix to the verb root, just like all the causative suffixes you’ll see later. When selecting the proper “-dır” suffix from the chart, be sure to follow the Vowel Harmony and see whether there is Consonant Mutation. Most verbs that use the “-dır” suffix are regular verbs.
Here is a comparison chart for the “-dır” suffix:
|Susmak||To be quiet|
|Ötmek||To sing (bird)|
|Binmek||To get in/on|
|Açtırmak||To have/get someone open|
|Diktirmek||To have/get someone plant|
|Susturmak||To make something/somebody quiet|
|Öttürmek||To have a bird to sing|
|Öldürmek||To kill (somebody/something)|
|Durdurmak||To make something/somebody stop|
|Kırdırmak||To have/get something broken|
|Bindirmek||To get somebody to get in/on something|
Let’s see some examples sentences:
- Adam kapıyı açtı.
- The man opened the door.
- Adam kapıyı açtırdı.
- The man had the door opened.
- Pizza yaptım.
- I made a pizza.
- Pizza yaptırdım.
- I had a pizza made.
- Ali güldü.
- Ali laughed.
- Ali herkesi güldürdü
- Ali made everybody laugh.
The “-t” suffix
Basic verb roots that end in a vowel or a “-r “, are made Causative by adding the “-t” suffix added to the verb root. Here are some sentence examples:
- Annem kitap okudu.
- My mom read a book.
- Annem kitap okuttu.
- My mom had someone read a book.
- Tek başına evi temizledi.
- She cleaned the home all by himself.
- Evi temizlik şirketine temizletti.
- She had the cleaning company do the house cleaning.
- Arkadaşımı 30 dakika bekledim.
- I waited 30 minutes for my friend.
- Arkadaşım beni 30 dakika bekletti.
- My friend had me wait 30 minutes for him.
Polysyllabic verbs with verb roots ending in “l” and “r” can also take the “-t” suffix:
- Çocuk yılanı görünce bağırdı.
- The boy screamed as he saw the snake.
- Beni daha fazla bağırtma!
- Don’t make me scream more!
- Makinede yıkanan elbisem küçüldü.
- My dress shrank after being washed in the washer.
- Makine elbisemi küçülttü.
- The washer made my dress smaller.
The “-ıt” suffix
The “-it/-ıt/-üt/-ut” suffixes are added to monosyllabic verb roots that end in “-k”.
Let’s see some example sentences:
- Nehir denize akar.
- The river flows into the ocean.
- Araba benzin akıttı.
- The car leaked gasoline.
- Yılanı gören çocuk korktu.
- The child who saw the snake was scared.
- Lütfen beni korkutma.
- Please don’t scare me.
- Etraf çiçek koktu.
- Everywhere smelled flowers.
- Köpek önümde kokuttu.
- The dog farted in front of me.
The “-ır” suffix
Some monosyllable verbs use the “-ır/-ir/-ur/-ür” suffixes to make causative verbs:
- Kaynayan süt taştı.
- The boiling milk overflew.
- Abim demlikteki çayı taşırttı.
- My brother caused the tea in the teapot to overflow.
- Çok güzel haberler duydum.
- I heard great news.
- Mutlu haberi herkese duyurdu.
- He announced the great news to everyone.
- Arabadaki tüm malzemeler düştü.
- All the supplies on the car fell.
- Bilerek keki düşürdü.
- He dropped the cake on purpose.
The “-ar/-er” suffixes
There are some verb roots that also use the “-ar/-er” suffixes to form causatives:
- Ağacın dalı koptu.
- The tree’s branch snapped.
- Lütfen ağacın dalını koparma.
- Please don’t break the tree’s branch.
- Sıkılan köpek dışarı çıktı.
- The bored dog went outside.
- Köpeği yürüyüşe çıkarır mısın?
- Could you take the dog out for a walk?
- Çok güzel bir çiçek gördüm.
- I saw a very pretty flower.
- Ayşe bana çok güzel bir çiçek gösterdi.
- Ayşe showed my a very pretty flower.
Turkish Double Causative
We can use double causatives to “get someone else to do a job”. These causatives are made by adding a “-t” or “-tir” to another causative verb. These types of causatives can be seen a lot in newspapers and news agency reports.
- Hükumet yeni anayasayı onaylattırdı.
- The government had the new constitution approved.
- Masayı monte ettirttin mi?
- Have you had the table assembled?
- Öğrenci, ödevini başkasına yaptırttı.
- The student had his homework done by someone else.
When you see double T’s, be sure to pronounce them individually.
You’ve come to the end of this lesson!
I hope you liked this free Turkish grammar lesson. This lesson belongs to the free video course named Speaking Turkish in 30 Days. Be sure to watch the other lesson too!
Did you know that our premium Turkish course Intermediate Turkish has an even better explanation of the Turkish Causative Verbs? If you’re a premium member, we have grammar exercises to further improve your understanding of Turkish!
So what’s the difference between BASIC and PREMIUM memberships?
Our Premium memberships are AFFORDABLE and you get so much for so little money! If you want to learn more about Premium at Turkishaholic or upgrade your account, click the buttons below: