Turkish Adverbs of Quantity and Question
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Continuing from our earlier lesson, let’s look at the last two types of Adverbs in Turkish.
Turkish Adverbs of Quantity
Adverbs of quantity answers the questions “ne kadar” meaning “how much” in the sentence. These adverbs can take place before or after an adjective, verb or other adverbs.
Adverbs of quantity have three sub-groups:
- They indicate the equality
- They indicate comparison (Comparatives)
- They indicate extremity (Superlatives)
Let’s first see a list of Turkish adverbs of quantity:
|En …||The Most …|
|Çok||Very / Much / |
|Kadar||As Much As |
/ As … As
|Denli||To a Degree|
|Gibi||Like / As |
/ Such As / Around
When we’re talking about equality, we use the adverb “kadar” meaning “as much as”:
- Cennet kadar güzel bir yer.
- A place as beautiful as heaven.
- Okula gitmeyi sevmediği kadar iş yapmayı da sevmez.
- He doesn’t like going to school as much as doing work.
- Çalıştığın kadar para kazanırsın.
- You earn money as much as you work.
When we’re talking about a comparison, we use “daha” meaning “more”:
- Benim arabam senin arabandan daha hızlı.
- My car is faster than your car.
- Bu sınav için daha çok çalışmalısın.
- You need to study more for this exam.
- Sanki, bugün daha güneşli.
- It’s as if, sunnier today.
If you want to talk about extremities, you need to use “en …” in addition to a adjective, meaning “the most …”. You can also use “çok” and “fazla” both meaning “very/much/many” similarly to the “en…” word:
- O çok güzel bir kız.
- She is a very pretty girl
- En temiz ev, benim evim.
- My house is the cleanest house.
- Amerika’da çok yabancı arkadaşım var.
- I have many foreign friends in the United States.
Turkish Adverbs of Question
The last adverb we will learn in this lesson is the adverbs of question. These adverbs give us the reason and the meaning of the action through a question. Question sentences basically use adverbs of questions.
Let’s see the list of Turkish adverbs of question:
|Ne zaman / Kaçta||When|
|Neden / Niçin||Why|
|Ne kadar||How much / How long|
|Ne biçim||What kind of|
|Ne diye||What for?|
Here are some sentence examples:
- Neden geç kaldın?
- Why were you late?
- Ne diye beni aramadın?
- What for you didn’t call me?
- Annemler İstanbul’dan ne zaman dönecek?
- When will my mothers return from Istanbul?
- Bu ne biçim bir hayvan?
- What kind of animal is that?
- İzmir’e gelmemize daha ne kadar var?
- How long till we get to İzmir?
Sometimes adverbs of questions can be used as interjections like in English:
- Ne güzel bir ev!
- What a beautiful house!
- Bana ne zaman geleceğini söylemedi.
- He didn’t tell me when he was coming.
Learn More Turkish Adverbs
If you need to learn more Turkish Adverbs, we have a vocabulary lesson just for you. Visit the link below to go to Turkishaholic Vocabulary page and learn some Turkish Vocabulary:
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