Turkish Adjectives

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Turkish Adjectives

As you know, adjectives are used in front of nouns to describe the color, shape, property, number, and many more details of a noun. Adjectives in Turkish are also placed right in front of nouns like in English. They are never conjugated, never get the plural suffixes ‘-ler/-lar’ at the end, and have no gender-specific form like in other languages. Adjectives can be formed from both nouns and verbs.

Here is a list of the most common Turkish adjectives with their opposite forms:

Güzel
Beautiful / Pretty
Çirkin
Ugly
Ucuz
Cheap
Pahalı
Expensive
Büyük
Big
Küçük
Small
Kolay
Easy
Zor
Hard
İyi
Good
Kötü
Bad
Yavaş
Slow
Hızlı
Fast
Hafif
Light
Ağır
Heavy
Genç
Young
Yaşlı
Old
Yeni
New
Eski
Old (Thing)
İnce
Thin
Kalın
Thick
Kısa
Short
Uzun
Long
Zengin
Rich
Fakir
Poor
Sıcak
Hot
Soğuk
Cold
Dar
Narrow
Geniş
Wide
Tatlı
Sweet
Acı
Bitter
Islak
Wet
Kuru
Dry
Boş
Empty
Dolu
Full
Temiz
Clean
Pis
Dirty
Aydınlık
Bright
Karanlık
Dark

Although there are no gender-specific nouns in Turkish, you can use the nouns that indicate gender to be used as adjectives in front of another noun.

  • Kız öğrenci derse geç geldi.
  • The female student came to class late.
  • Erkek bir öğretmen sınıfa geldi.
  • A male teacher came to the class.

Nationality and Occupations

You can use nouns as adjectives to indicate a persons’ nationality or occupation:

  • İngiliz yazar, Türkiye’yi ziyaret etti.
  • The English writer visited Turkey.
  • Yazar kız Türkiye hakkında kitap yazdı.
  • The writer girl wrote a book about Turkey.

Adjectives Made From Nouns

It is possible to create adjectives out of nouns by adding certain suffixes.

If you add the suffix ‘-lı/-li/-lu/-lü’ to the end of a noun, you can make adjectives that mean ‘with ..’ or ‘dressed in ..’ meaning adjectives:

Hız
Speed
Hızlı
Speedy / Fast
Şeker
Sugar
Şekerli
Sugary
Akıl
Mind
Akıllı
Intelligent
Şans
Luck
Şanslı
Lucky
Et
Meat
Etli
With Meat
Sağlık
Health
Sağlıklı
Healthy
Yağ
Fat
Yağlı
Fatty
Tuz
Salt
Tuzlu
Salty
Yağmur
Rain
Yağmurlu
Rainy
Güneş
Sun
Güneşli
Sunny
Sis
Fog
Sisli
Foggy
Güç
Power
Güçlü
Powerful
Umut
Hope
Umutlu
Hopeful
Endişe
Anxiety
Endişeli
Anxious
  • Tuzlu yemek yemeyi seviyorum.
  • I like eating salty foods.
  • Yağmurlu günlerde dışarı çıkmam.
  • I don’t go out on rainy days.
  • Ahmet çok endişeli bir adamdır.
  • Ahmet is a really anxious man.

Without Suffix in Turkish

The opposite of adjectives with the ‘-lı/-li/-lu/-lü’ suffix is the ‘-siz/-sız/-suz/-süz’ ending adjectives meaning ‘without …’:

Şekerli
Sugary
Şekersiz
Without Sugar
Akıllı
Intelligent
Akılsız
Stupid
Şanslı
Lucky
Şanssız
Unlucky
Etli
With Meat
Etsiz
Without Meat
Sağlıklı
Healthy
Sağlıksız
Unhealthy
Yağlı
Fatty
Yağsız
Without Fat
Tuzlu
Salty
Tuzsuz
Without Salt
Yağmurlu
Rainy
Yağmursuz
Without Rain
Güneşli
Sunny
Güneşsiz
Without Sun
Sisli
Foggy
Sissiz
Without Fog
Güçlü
Powerful
Güçsüz
Powerless
Umutlu
Hopeful
Umutsuz
Hopeless
Endişeli
Anxious
Endişesiz
Carefree
  • Ben sağlıksız yemekler yemem
  • I don’t eat unhealthy food.
  • Şanslıyız! Bugün yağmursuz bir gün!
  • We’re lucky! It’s a rainless/sunny day!
  • Endişesiz bir gün geçirmek istiyorum.
  • I want to spend a carefree day .

Without Suffix With Pronouns

You can also add “-siz/-sız/-suz/-süz” to Pronouns and names:

BensizWithout Me
SensizWithout You
OnsuzWithout
Him/Her/It
BizsizWithout Us
SizsizWithout You
OnlarsızWithout Them
  • Sensiz bu filmi izlemem.
  • I won’t watch this film without you
  • Onlarsız mutsuz olurum.
  • I would be sad without them.
  • Ahmet’siz partiye gittik.
  • We went to the party without Ahmet
  • Melisa’sız ne yapacaksın?
  • What are you going to do without Melisa?

Learn More Turkish Adjectives

If you want to practice and learn more Turkish Adjectives, you can visit the Vocabulary section of Turkishaholic and find different types of Turkish Vocabulary lessons with downloadable PDFs! Click the button below!

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