As you know, adjectives are used in front of nouns to describe the color, shape, property, number, and many more details of a noun. Adjectives in Turkish are also placed right in front of nouns like in English. They are never conjugated, never get the plural suffixes ‘-ler/-lar’ at the end, and have no gender-specific form like in other languages. Adjectives can be formed from both nouns and verbs.
Here is a list of the most common Turkish adjectives with their opposite forms:
Beautiful / Pretty
Although there are no gender-specific nouns in Turkish, you can use the nouns that indicate gender to be used as adjectives in front of another noun.
- Kız öğrenci derse geç geldi.
- The female student came to class late.
- Erkek bir öğretmen sınıfa geldi.
- A male teacher came to the class.
Nationality and Occupations
You can use nouns as adjectives to indicate a persons’ nationality or occupation:
- İngiliz yazar, Türkiye’yi ziyaret etti.
- The English writer visited Turkey.
- Yazar kız Türkiye hakkında kitap yazdı.
- The writer girl wrote a book about Turkey.
Adjectives Made From Nouns
It is possible to create adjectives out of nouns by adding certain suffixes.
If you add the suffix ‘-lı/-li/-lu/-lü’ to the end of a noun, you can make adjectives that mean ‘with ..’ or ‘dressed in ..’ meaning adjectives:
Speedy / Fast
- Tuzlu yemek yemeyi seviyorum.
- I like eating salty foods.
- Yağmurlu günlerde dışarı çıkmam.
- I don’t go out on rainy days.
- Ahmet çok endişeli bir adamdır.
- Ahmet is a really anxious man.
Without Suffix in Turkish
The opposite of adjectives with the ‘-lı/-li/-lu/-lü’ suffix is the ‘-siz/-sız/-suz/-süz’ ending adjectives meaning ‘without …’:
- Ben sağlıksız yemekler yemem
- I don’t eat unhealthy food.
- Şanslıyız! Bugün yağmursuz bir gün!
- We’re lucky! It’s a rainless/sunny day!
- Endişesiz bir gün geçirmek istiyorum.
- I want to spend a carefree day .
Without Suffix With Pronouns
You can also add “-siz/-sız/-suz/-süz” to Pronouns and names:
- Sensiz bu filmi izlemem.
- I won’t watch this film without you
- Onlarsız mutsuz olurum.
- I would be sad without them.
- Ahmet’siz partiye gittik.
- We went to the party without Ahmet
- Melisa’sız ne yapacaksın?
- What are you going to do without Melisa?
Learn More Turkish Adjectives
If you want to practice and learn more Turkish Adjectives, you can visit the Vocabulary section of Turkishaholic and find different types of Turkish Vocabulary lessons with downloadable PDFs! Click the button below!
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