Spatial Postpositions

What are Spatial Postpositions?

If you want to describe the position of a certain object or an action in relation to that object, you need to use a Genetive-Possessive compound structure. While the complement takes the genitive case, the spatial postposition (words describing the position) take the possessive marker.

 

List of Spatial Postpositions

Let’s see the list of Postpositions for this lesson:

İçIn/Inside
Üst / ÜzeriOn/Over
YukarıUp/Above
AşağıDown/Below
AltUnder
DışOutside
ÖnIn front
ArkaBehind/Back
YanBeside/Next to
YakınNear
KarşıOpposite
AraBetween

 

Basically, if we want to say that something is somewhere an example sentence will be like this:

  • Top arabanın altında – The ball is under the car.

 

Toparabanınaltında
SubjectNoun + Genetive CasePostposition + Possessive Marker + Locative Case

 

It is really important that you’ve mastered the “Genetive Case & The Possessive” topic before you continue with this lesson.

 

Let’s see some more sentence examples:

  • Silgi kitabın altında – The eraser is under the book.
  • Çiçek vazonun inde – The flower is inside the vase.
  • Bizim evimiz sizin evinizin karşısında – Our house is opposite your house.
  • Kedi nerede?
  • Kedi arabanın üstünde.

 

Existential Sentences

From these sentences, the object that is the centre of focus is at the start of the sentence. There are also other ways to make such sentences. You can use “var” or “yok” meaning “is/are” or “isn’t/aren’t” to indicate whether the object is present or not:

  • Arabanın üstünde kedi var – There is a cat on top of the car.
  • Kitabın arasında kalemim yok – My pencil is not in between the book.

 

With Action Verbs

You can also include action verbs into these sentences:

  • Kedi arabanın yanında ne yapıyor? – What’s the cat doing next to the car?
  • Kedi arabanın yanında uyuyor – The cat is sleeping next to the car.

 

  • Güneş nerede? – Where is the sun?
  • Evimizin üstünde/yukarısında – It’s above our house.

 

With Other Case Markers

It is also possible to use the other case markers like the Ablative Case or the Dative Case for use with the post position.

  • Buzdolabıninden dondurma aldı – He took an ice-cream from inside the fridge.
  • Buzdolabınine dondurma koydu – He put an ice-cream inside the fridge.

 

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