Real Conditionals

Real Conditionals in Turkish

Real conditionals are made in the present simple tense which is used to talk about conditions that are real and can happen. While the conditional clause, the sentence which has the conditional verb is made in the present simple tense, the main clause, the result of the condition, is made in either the future simple or present simple tense. In order to make a real conditional verb, we add the suffix “-sa/-se” after the Present Tense suffix.

 

After the Present Tense Suffix “-ar/-ır/-ur/-r”-sa
After the Present Tense Suffix “-er/-ir/-ür/-r”-se

 

First, let’s look at how some verbs are made into the Real Conditional:

IfPronounConditional
EğerBenyaparsamIf I do
SengelirsenIf you come
ObulursaIf he/she/it finds
BizyersekIf we eat
SizüzülürsenizIf you become sad
OnlargezerlerseIf they travel

 

Now, let’s see some sentence examples:

  • (Eğer) bir sorunuz varsa lütfen elinizi kaldırınız.

(If you have a question, please raise your hand.)

 

  • (Eğer) Galatasaray bu maçı kazanırsa Türkiye şampiyonu olacak.

(If Galatasaray wins this match, it will be the Turkish champion.)

 

  • (Eğer) sağa bakarsanız Anıtkabiri göreceksiniz.

(If you look right, you’ll see Anıtkabir.)

 

Negative Real Conditionals

To make negative real conditionals, you add the negative present simple suffix “-mez/-maz” after the verb root in addition to the if suffix “-se/-sa” that follows it.

Be sure to follow the Vowel Harmony when selecting the proper “-mez/-maz” suffix:

 

For Verb Roots Ending in “a,ı,o,u”-maz
For Verb Roots Ending in “e,i,ö,ü”-mez

 

First, let’s look at how some verbs are made into the Negative Real Conditional:

 

IfPronounConditional
EğerBenyapmazsamIf I don’t do
SengelmezsenIf you don’t come
ObulmazsaIf he/she/it doesn’t find
BizyemezsekIf we don’t eat
SizüzülmezsenizIf you don’t become sad
OnlargezmezlerseIf they don’t travel

 

Now, let’s see some sentence examples:

  • (Eğer) dersini çalışmazsan sınavdan başarısız olursun.

(If you don’t study your lessons, you’ll be unsuccessful in the exam.)

 

  • (Eğer) dikkatli olmazsan düşebilirsin.

(If you’re not careful, you may fall.)

 

  • (Eğer) odanı temizlemezsen, kim temizleyecek?

(If you don’t clean your room, who’s gonna clean it?)

 

As you can see from the second and the third examples, you can implement modal verbs and questions in the main clause of a conditional sentence.

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