Adjectives

Adjectives in Turkish

Adjectives in Turkish are also placed right in front of nouns like in English. They don’t have the plural suffixes ‘-ler/-lar’ at the end and have no gender-specific form like in other languages. They can be formed from both nouns and verbs.

 

Here is a list of the most common adjectives with their opposite forms:

Adjectives

GüzelBeautiful / PrettyÇirkinUgly
UcuzCheapPahalıExpensive
BüyükBigKüçükSmall
KolayEasyZorHard
İyiGoodKötüBad
YavaşSlowHızlıFast
HafifLightAğırHeavy
GençYoungYaşlıOld (Person)
YeniNewEskiOld (Thing)
İnceThinKalınThick
KısaShortUzunLong
ZenginRichFakirPoor
SıcakHotSoğukCold
DarNarrowGenişWide
TatlıSweetAcıBitter
IslakWetKuruDry
BoşEmptyDoluFull
TemizCleanPisDirty
AydınlıkBrightKaranlıkDark

 

Although there are no gender-specific nouns in Turkish, you can use the nouns that indicate gender as an adjective in front of another noun:

 

  • Kız öğrenci derse geç geldi. (The female student came to class late)
  • Erkek bir öğretmen sınıfa geldi. (A male teacher came to the class.)

 

Other Usages

You can use nouns as adjectives to indicate a persons’ nationality or occupation:

 

  • İngiliz yazar, Türkiye’yi ziyaret etti. (The English writer visited Turkey.)
  • Yazar kız Türkiye hakkında kitap yazdı. (The writer girl / The girl who is a writer wrote a book about Turkey)
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